WHEN EXECUTING LAWYERS ACTIVITY AS WELL AS TAKING CARE ABOUT CONDUCT IN HIS PRIVATE LIFE, A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO PROTECT RESPECT AND TO STRUGGLE FOR PROMOTION AND AFFIRMATION OF LEGAL PROFESSION AS AN INDEPENDENT PROFESSION. WHEN EXECUTING LAWYERS ACTIVITY, A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO ACT IN HUMAN WAY, RESPECTING DIGNITY OF ALL HE CONTACTS WITH. THEN, HE IS OBLIGED TO PRESERVE HIS HONOUR, MORAL CHARACTER, INDEPENDENCE AND EXPERTNESS IN ORDER TO STIMULATE OTHERS WITH HIS CONDUCT. WHEN EXECUTING LAWYERS ACTIVITY, A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO RESPECT TRUTH AND LEGALITY, INDEPENDENCE OF LEGAL PROFESSION IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONSTITUTION AND LAWS. A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO ENERGETICALLY REJECT ALL TRIES OF INFLUENCE ON HIS INDEPENDENCE IN EXECUTION OF ACTIVITY. HE IS OBLIGED TO INFORM ORGANS OF THE BAR ASSOCIATION ABOUT THESE TRIES. EXECUTION OF ANY COMMERCIAL OPERATIONS, ASSOCIATION OFLAWYERS OFFICES WITH ACTIVITIES OF SUCH EFFECT, I.E. ACTIVITIES THAT DO NOT GIVE LEGAL AID ARE INCOMPATIBLE WITH EXECUTION OF LAWYERS ACTIVITY. OBLIGATION OF A LAWYER IS TO BE CONSTANTLY UNDER PROFESSIONAL IMPROVEMENT, TO READ PROFESSIONAL LITERATURE,PARTICIPATE IN ALL PROFESSIONAL DISCUSSIONS, CONSULTATIONS, AND CONGRESSES, IN ALL ACTIONS OF LEGAL PROFESSIONS BY WHICH IMPROVEMENT AND AFFIRMATION OF THIS SERVICE ARE ACHIEVED, AND TO IMPROVE HIS GENERAL EDUCATION. A LAWYER HAS TO HELP WITH HIS PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE OTHER LAWYERS, AND HE IS ESPECIALLY OBLIGED TO HELP PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF LAW CLERKS IN LEGAL PROFESSION. A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO GIVE LEGAL AID TO A CLIENT FOR WHICH HE KNOWS THAT IS NOT IN POSITION TO PAY FOR SERVICE, OR A CLIENT THAT IS ASSIGNED TO HIM ACCORDING TO THE SCHEDULE DETERMINED BY AUTHORIZED ORGAN OF THE BAR ASSOCIATION, I.E. OTHER ORGANIZATION ACCORDING TO THE DECISION OF THE BAR ASSOCIATION, AND THE BAR ASSOCIATION BEARS THE COSTS. IT IS NOT APPROPRIATE THAT A LAWYER IS A PERSON THAT ACTS AGAINST INTERESTS OF LEGAL PROFESSION AND WHO DOES NOT RESPECT RULES OF THIS CODE. WHEN EXECUTING LAWYERS ACTIVITY AS WELL AS TAKING CARE ABOUT CONDUCT IN HIS PRIVATE LIFE, A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO PROTECT RESPECT AND TO STRUGGLE FOR PROMOTION AND AFFIRMATION OF LEGAL PROFESSION AS AN INDEPENDENT PROFESSION. WHEN EXECUTING LAWYERS ACTIVITY, A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO ACT IN HUMAN WAY, RESPECTING DIGNITY OF ALL HE CONTACTS WITH. THEN, HE IS OBLIGED TO PRESERVE HIS HONOUR, MORAL CHARACTER, INDEPENDENCE AND EXPERTNESS IN ORDER TO STIMULATE OTHERS WITH HIS CONDUCT. WHEN EXECUTING LAWYERS ACTIVITY, A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO RESPECT TRUTH AND LEGALITY, INDEPENDENCE OF LEGAL PROFESSION IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONSTITUTION AND LAWS. A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO ENERGETICALLY REJECT ALL TRIES OF INFLUENCE ON HIS INDEPENDENCE IN EXECUTION OF ACTIVITY. HE IS OBLIGED TO INFORM ORGANS OF THE BAR ASSOCIATION ABOUT THESE TRIES. EXECUTION OF ANY COMMERCIAL OPERATIONS, ASSOCIATION OF LAWYERS OFFICES WITH ACTIVITIES OF SUCH EFFECT, I.E. ACTIVITIES THAT DO NOT GIVE LEGAL AID ARE INCOMPATIBLE WITH EXECUTION OF LAWYERS ACTIVITY. OBLIGATION OF A LAWYER IS TO BE CONSTANTLY UNDER PROFESSIONAL IMPROVEMENT, TO READ PROFESSIONAL LITERATURE, PARTICIPATE IN ALL PROFESSIONAL DISCUSSIONS, CONSULTATIONS, AND CONGRESSES, IN ALL ACTIONS OF LEGAL PROFESSIONS BY WHICH IMPROVEMENT AND AFFIRMATION OF THIS SERVICE ARE ACHIEVED, AND TO IMPROVE HIS GENERAL EDUCATION. A LAWYER HAS TO HELP WITH HIS PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE OTHER LAWYERS, AND HE IS ESPECIALLY OBLIGED TO HELP PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF LAW CLERKS IN LEGAL PROFESSION. A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO GIVE LEGAL AID TO A CLIENT FOR WHICH HE KNOWS THAT IS NOT IN POSITION TO PAY FOR SERVICE, OR A CLIENT THAT IS ASSIGNED TO HIM ACCORDING TO THE SCHEDULE DETERMINED BY AUTHORIZED ORGAN OF THE BAR ASSOCIATION, I.E. OTHER ORGANIZATION ACCORDING TO THE DECISION OF THE BAR ASSOCIATION, AND THE BAR ASSOCIATION BEARS THE COSTS. IT IS NOT APPROPRIATE THAT A LAWYER IS A PERSON THAT ACTS AGAINST INTERESTS OF LEGAL PROFESSION AND WHO DOES NOT RESPECT RULES OF THIS CODE. WHEN EXECUTING LAWYERS ACTIVITY AS WELL AS TAKING CARE ABOUT CONDUCT IN HIS PRIVATE LIFE, A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO PROTECT RESPECT AND TO STRUGGLE FOR PROMOTION AND AFFIRMATION OF LEGAL PROFESSION AS AN INDEPENDENT PROFESSION. WHEN EXECUTING LAWYERS ACTIVITY, A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO ACT IN HUMAN WAY, RESPECTING DIGNITY OF ALL HE CONTACTS WITH. THEN, HE IS OBLIGED TO PRESERVE HIS HONOUR, MORAL CHARACTER, INDEPENDENCE AND EXPERTNESS IN ORDER TO STIMULATE OTHERS WITH HIS CONDUCT. WHEN EXECUTING LAWYERS ACTIVITY, A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO RESPECT TRUTH AND LEGALITY, INDEPENDENCE OF LEGAL PROFESSION IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONSTITUTION AND LAWS. A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO ENERGETICALLY REJECT ALL TRIES OF INFLUENCE ON HIS INDEPENDENCE IN EXECUTION OF ACTIVITY. HE IS OBLIGED TO INFORM ORGANS OF THE BAR ASSOCIATION ABOUT THESE TRIES. EXECUTION OF ANY COMMERCIAL OPERATIONS, ASSOCIATION OFLAWYERS OFFICES WITH ACTIVITIES OF SUCH EFFECT, I.E. ACTIVITIES THAT DO NOT GIVE LEGAL AID ARE INCOMPATIBLE WITH EXECUTION OF LAWYERS ACTIVITY. OBLIGATION OF A LAWYER IS TO BE CONSTANTLY UNDER PROFESSIONAL IMPROVEMENT, TO READ PROFESSIONAL LITERATURE,PARTICIPATE IN ALL PROFESSIONAL DISCUSSIONS, CONSULTATIONS, AND CONGRESSES, IN ALL ACTIONS OF LEGAL PROFESSIONS BY WHICH IMPROVEMENT AND AFFIRMATION OF THIS SERVICE ARE ACHIEVED, AND TO IMPROVE HIS GENERAL EDUCATION. A LAWYER HAS TO HELP WITH HIS PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE OTHER LAWYERS, AND HE IS ESPECIALLY OBLIGED TO HELP PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF LAW CLERKS IN LEGAL PROFESSION. A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO GIVE LEGAL AID TO A CLIENT FOR WHICH HE KNOWS THAT IS NOT IN POSITION TO PAY FOR SERVICE, OR A CLIENT THAT IS ASSIGNED TO HIM ACCORDING TO THE SCHEDULE DETERMINED BY AUTHORIZED ORGAN OF THE BAR ASSOCIATION, I.E. OTHER ORGANIZATION ACCORDING TO THE DECISION OF THE BAR ASSOCIATION, AND THE BAR ASSOCIATION BEARS THE COSTS. IT IS NOT APPROPRIATE THAT A LAWYER IS A PERSON THAT ACTS AGAINST INTERESTS OF LEGAL PROFESSION AND WHO DOES NOT RESPECT RULES OF THIS CODE. WHEN EXECUTING LAWYERS ACTIVITY AS WELL AS TAKING CARE ABOUT CONDUCT IN HIS PRIVATE LIFE, A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO PROTECT RESPECT AND TO STRUGGLE FOR PROMOTION AND AFFIRMATION OF LEGAL PROFESSION AS AN INDEPENDENT PROFESSION. WHEN EXECUTING LAWYERS ACTIVITY, A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO ACT IN HUMAN WAY, RESPECTING DIGNITY OF ALL HE CONTACTS WITH. THEN, HE IS OBLIGED TO PRESERVE HIS HONOUR, MORAL CHARACTER, INDEPENDENCE AND EXPERTNESS IN ORDER TO STIMULATE OTHERS WITH HIS CONDUCT. WHEN EXECUTING LAWYERS ACTIVITY, A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO RESPECT TRUTH AND LEGALITY, INDEPENDENCE OF LEGAL PROFESSION IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONSTITUTION AND LAWS. A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO ENERGETICALLY REJECT ALL TRIES OF INFLUENCE ON HIS INDEPENDENCE IN EXECUTION OF ACTIVITY. HE IS OBLIGED TO INFORM ORGANS OF THE BAR ASSOCIATION ABOUT THESE TRIES. EXECUTION OF ANY COMMERCIAL OPERATIONS, ASSOCIATION OF LAWYERS OFFICES WITH ACTIVITIES OF SUCH EFFECT, I.E. ACTIVITIES THAT DO NOT GIVE LEGAL AID ARE INCOMPATIBLE WITH EXECUTION OF LAWYERS ACTIVITY. OBLIGATION OF A LAWYER IS TO BE CONSTANTLY UNDER PROFESSIONAL IMPROVEMENT, TO READ PROFESSIONAL LITERATURE, PARTICIPATE IN ALL PROFESSIONAL DISCUSSIONS, CONSULTATIONS, AND CONGRESSES, IN ALL ACTIONS OF LEGAL PROFESSIONS BY WHICH IMPROVEMENT AND AFFIRMATION OF THIS SERVICE ARE ACHIEVED, AND TO IMPROVE HIS GENERAL EDUCATION. A LAWYER HAS TO HELP WITH HIS PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE OTHER LAWYERS, AND HE IS ESPECIALLY OBLIGED TO HELP PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF LAW CLERKS IN LEGAL PROFESSION. A LAWYER IS OBLIGED TO GIVE LEGAL AID TO A CLIENT FOR WHICH HE KNOWS THAT IS NOT IN POSITION TO PAY FOR SERVICE, OR A CLIENT THAT IS ASSIGNED TO HIM ACCORDING TO THE SCHEDULE DETERMINED BY AUTHORIZED ORGAN OF THE BAR ASSOCIATION, I.E. OTHER ORGANIZATION ACCORDING TO THE DECISION OF THE BAR ASSOCIATION, AND THE BAR ASSOCIATION BEARS THE COSTS. IT IS NOT APPROPRIATE THAT A LAWYER IS A PERSON THAT ACTS AGAINST INTERESTS OF LEGAL PROFESSION AND WHO DOES NOT RESPECT RULES OF THIS CODE.

Izpraznitev in izročitev nepremičnine

Pred kratkim je bila izdana sodba Vrhovnega sodišča Republika Slovenije, s katero je sodišče odločalo o tem, ali je za izpraznitev in izročitev nepremičnine na podlagi odstopa od pogodbe po 28. členu Zakona o poslovnih stavbah in poslovnih prostorih potrebna sodna intervencija. V konkretnem primeru sta upnik in dolžnik v notarskem zapisu sklenila Pogodbo o podnajemu poslovnih prostorov, s katero je bilo dogovorjeno, da lahko najemodajalec (upnik) v primeru, ko podnajemnik (dolžnik) v petnajstih dneh po izdaji poziva za nadomestitev unovčene garancije s strani najemodajalca le te ne predloži, s pisno izjavo odstopi od pogodbe. Dolžnik svojih obveznosti ni izpolnjeval, prav tako pa po pozivu ni predložil nove garancije, zato je upnik od pogodbe odstopil.

Sodišče je izpostavilo, da mora obstoj terjatve izhajati iz notarskega zapisa. V primeru, ko sta stranki v notarskem zapisu pogodbe šele uredili pogoje, ki morajo biti izpolnjeni za uveljavljanje odstopnega upravičenja (kar velja v konkretnem primeru), sama terjatev, ki vsebuje kondikcijski zahtevek, še ne izhaja iz notarskega zapisa pogodbe. Obstoj teh pogojev ni mogoče izkazati s samim notarskim zapisom pogodbe, kljub temu, da je dolžnik soglašal z neposredno izvršljivostjo notarskega zapisa. Gre namreč za več bodočih negotovih dejstev, ki so morala biti izpolnjena za nastanek kondikcijske terjatve:

· neizpolnitev denarne obveznosti dolžnika

· unovčenje bančne garancije, ki je bila izročena upniku ob sklenitvi pogodbe

· neizpolnitev obveznosti dolžnika za izročitev nove bančne garancije in

· podana odstopna izjava upnika.

Nastop teh pogojev bi upnik v izvršilnem postopku moral izkazati z javno ali po zakonu overjeno javno listino. Ker iz pogodbe ne izhaja, da so potrebne pravne okoliščine nastopile, mora upnik uveljavljati sodno varstvo zatrjevane terjatve z vložitvijo dajatvenega zahtevka v pravdnem postopku.

Iz stališča Vrhovnega sodišča RS je torej moč razbrati, da kljub neposredno izvršljivemu notarskemu zapisu, upnik v primeru odstopa od pogodbe, kadar sama terjatev ne izhaja iz notarskega zapisa, ne more zahtevati izpraznitve in izročitve nepremičnine neposredno v okviru izvršilnega postopka, temveč mora v pravdnem postopku dokazati, da so nastopile potrebne pravne okoliščine dogovorjene v notarskem zapisu.